Global Framework for Biodiversity
“Biodiversity is fundamental to human well-being, a healthy planet and the economic prosperity of all people, including living well in balance and harmony with Mother Earth. We depend on it for food, medicine, energy, clean air and water, security from natural disasters, as well as recreation and cultural inspiration, and it underpins all life systems on Earth” -CBD.
The Kunming-Montreal Global Framework for Biodiversity (GBF) was adopted during the fifteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties (COP 15), after a four-year consultation and negotiation process. This landmark framework, which supports the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals and builds on the Convention's past strategic plans, sets out an ambitious path towards achieving the global vision of a world living in harmony with nature by 2050. Among the key elements In the Framework there are 4 objectives for 2050 and 23 targets for 2030.
The implementation of the Kunming-Montreal World Framework for Biodiversity will be guided and supported by a comprehensive package of decisions also adopted at COP 15. This package includes a monitoring framework for the GBF, an enhanced planning, monitoring, reporting and review mechanism implementation, financial resources required for implementation, strategic frameworks for capacity building and technical and scientific cooperation, as well as an agreement on sequential digital information on genetic resources.
By adopting the Kunming-Montreal World Biodiversity Framework, all Parties committed to setting national targets for its implementation, while all other stakeholders were invited to develop and communicate their own commitments. At the next meeting of the Conference of the Parties, to be held in 2024 in Turkey, the world will take stock of the goals and commitments established.
To download the official text of the Kunming-Montreal Global Framework for Biodiversity, see decision 4/15.
The vision of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework is a world that lives in harmony with nature, where:
The Framework’s mission for the period up to 2030, with a view to the 2050 vision, is as follows
"Take urgent action to halt and reverse the loss of biodiversity in order to put nature on a recovery path for the benefit of people and the planet, conserving and sustainably using biodiversity and ensuring fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from utilization of genetic resources while providing the necessary means of implementation".