Global goals for 2030

The World Framework for Biodiversity has 23 global goals divided into three action-oriented dimensions that require urgent action during the decade to 2030. The actions defined in each goal must be initiated immediately and completed by 2030. Together, the results will allow achieve the results-oriented goals for 2050. Actions to achieve these goals should be implemented in a coherent manner and in harmony with the Convention on Biological Diversity and its protocols, as well as with other relevant international obligations, taking into account the circumstances , priorities and national socio-economic conditions.
  • Reduce threats to biodiversity (Goals 1 to 8)
    • GOAL 1

    Ensure that all areas are subject to participatory, integrated and biodiversity-included spatial planning and/or effective management processes that address land and sea use change in order to reduce to zero, by 2030, the loss of areas of great importance for biodiversity, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.

    •  GOAL 2

    Ensure that, by 2030, at least 30% of degraded terrestrial, inland water, marine and coastal ecosystem areas are effectively restored, in order to enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, ecological integrity and connectivity.

    • GOAL 3

    Ensure and enable that, by 2030, at least 30% of land and inland water areas and marine and coastal areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, are effectively conserved and managed through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably managed systems of protected areas, and other effective zone-based conservation measures, recognizing indigenous and traditional territories, where applicable, and integrated into wider landscapes, seascapes and the ocean, while ensuring that any sustainable use, where appropriate in these areas, is fully consistent with conservation outcomes, recognizing and respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, in particular over their traditional territories.

    • GOAL 4

    Ensure urgent management actions to halt the human-induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, in order to significantly reduce the risk of extinction, as well as to maintain and restore genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species in order to maintain their adaptive potential, including through in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable management practices, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflicts with a view to coexistence.

    • GOAL 5

    Ensure that the use, harvesting and trade of wild species are sustainable, safe and legal, avoiding over-exploitation, minimizing impacts on non-target species and ecosystems and reducing the risk of spread of pathogens, applying the ecosystem approach , while respecting and protecting sustainable customary use by indigenous peoples and local communities.

    • GOAL 6

    Eliminate, minimize, reduce and/or mitigate the impacts of invasive alien species on biodiversity and ecosystem services, identifying and managing the routes of introduction of alien species, preventing the introduction and establishment of priority invasive alien species, reducing introduction rates and establishment of other known or potential invasive alien species by at least 50% by 2030, and eradicating or controlling invasive alien species, especially in priority sites such as islands.

    • GOAL 7

    Reduce pollution risks and the negative impact of pollution from all sources by 2030 to levels that are not harmful to biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, taking into account cumulative effects, including: a) reducing the excess at least half of nutrients lost to the environment, including through more efficient nutrient cycling and utilization; b) reducing the overall risk from pesticides and highly hazardous chemicals by at least half, including through integrated pest management, based on scientific data, taking into account food security and livelihoods; and c) preventing, reducing and working to eliminate plastic pollution.

    • GOAL 8

    Minimize the impact of climate change and ocean acidification on biodiversity and increase its resilience through mitigation, adaptation and disaster risk reduction actions, in particular through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches, while minimizing the negative impacts and promoting the positive impacts of climate action on biodiversity.

  • Meeting people's needs through sustainable use and benefit sharing (Goals 9 to 13)
    • GOAL 9
    Ensure that the management and use of wild species are sustainable, thus providing social, economic and environmental benefits to people, especially those who are in vulnerable situations and those who are most dependent on biodiversity, namely through sustainable activities, products and services based on in biodiversity that enhance biodiversity, and protecting and encouraging sustainable customary use by indigenous peoples and local communities.

    • GOAL 10

    Ensure that agricultural, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry areas are managed sustainably, in particular through the sustainable use of biodiversity, in particular through a substantial increase in the application of biodiversity-friendly practices such as sustainable intensification, agroecology and other approaches innovative ways that contribute to the long-term resilience, efficiency and productivity of these production systems and to food security, conserving and restoring biodiversity and sustaining nature's contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services.

    • GOAL 11
    Restore, maintain and enhance nature's contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services such as air, water and climate regulation, soil health, pollination and disease risk reduction, as well as protection against natural hazards and disasters through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches for the benefit of all people and nature.

    • GOAL 12
    Significantly increase the area, quality, connectivity, access and benefits of green and blue spaces in urban and densely populated areas in a sustainable way, integrating the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ensuring urban planning that includes biodiversity, enhancing native biodiversity, ecological connectivity and integrity, improving human health and well-being and connection to nature, contributing to inclusive and sustainable urbanization and the delivery of ecosystem functions and services.

    • GOAL 13
    Take effective legal, political, administrative and capacity-building measures at all levels, where appropriate, to ensure the fair and equitable sharing of benefits resulting from the use of genetic resources and digital sequential information on genetic resources, as well as traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, and facilitate adequate access to genetic resources and, by 2030, facilitate a significant increase in benefit sharing, in accordance with applicable international instruments on access and benefit sharing.
  • Tools and solutions for implementation and integration (Goals 14 to 23)
    • GOAL 14
    Ensure the full integration of biodiversity and its multiple values into policies, regulations, planning and development processes, poverty eradication strategies, strategic environmental assessments, environmental impact assessments and, as appropriate, national accounting, at all levels of public administration and across all sectors, in particular those that have significant impacts on biodiversity, progressively aligning all relevant public and private activities and fiscal and financial flows with the objectives and targets of this framework.

    • GOAL 15
    Adopt legal, administrative or political measures to encourage and enable business activity and, in particular, to ensure that large companies and transnational financial institutions in order to progressively reduce negative impacts on biodiversity, increase positive impacts, reduce risks related to biodiversity for companies and financial institutions and to promote actions that guarantee sustainable production patterns.

    (a) Regularly monitor, assess and transparently disclose their risks, dependencies and impacts on biodiversity, including requirements for all large corporations and financial institutions, as well as transnational corporations, throughout their operations, supply chains and value and portfolios;

    (b) Provide consumers with information necessary to promote sustainable consumption patterns;

    (c) Report on compliance with regulations and access and benefit-sharing measures, as applicable;

    • GOAL 16
    Ensure that people are encouraged and empowered to make sustainable consumption choices, including through the establishment of supportive policies, legislative or regulatory frameworks, improved education and access to relevant and accurate information and alternatives and, by 2030, reduce the global consumption footprint equitably, including by halving global food waste, significantly reducing overconsumption and substantially reducing waste production, so that all people can live well in harmony with Mother Earth.

    • GOAL 17
    Establish, build capacity and implement in all countries the biosafety measures provided for in Article 8(g) of the Convention on Biological Diversity, as well as the measures relating to the management of biotechnology and the sharing of its benefits provided for in the Article 19 of the Convention.

    • GOAL 18
    Identify, by 2025, and eliminate, phase out or reform incentives, including subsidies, that are harmful to biodiversity, in a proportionate, fair, equitable, effective and equitable manner, substantially and progressively reducing them by at least USD 500 billion per year. year to 2030, starting with the most harmful incentives, and increasing positive incentives for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

    • GOAL 19
    Substantially and progressively increase the level of financial resources from all sources, in an effective, timely and easily accessible manner, including national, international, public and private resources, in accordance with Article 20 of the Convention, to implement strategies and plans national action plans on biodiversity, mobilizing at least USD 200 billion a year by 2030, namely through

    (a) Increasing the total international financial resources related to biodiversity from developed countries, including official development assistance, and from countries voluntarily assuming obligations of developed country Parties, to developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, to at least US$20 billion per year by 2025, and to at least US$30 billion per year by 2030;

    (b) Significantly increase domestic resource mobilization, facilitated by the preparation and implementation of national biodiversity finance plans or similar instruments, in accordance with national needs, priorities and circumstances;

    (c) Leverage private finance, promote blending, implement strategies to obtain new and additional resources and encourage the private sector to invest in biodiversity, including through impact funds and other instruments

    (d) Encouraging innovative schemes such as payment for ecosystem services, green bonds, biodiversity offsets and credits, and benefit-sharing mechanisms, with environmental and social safeguards;

    (e) Optimizing the co-benefits and synergies of funding targeted at the biodiversity and climate crises;

    (f) Strengthening the role of collective action, including that of indigenous peoples and local communities, actions centered on Mother Earth[1] and non-market-based approaches, including community management of natural resources and society's cooperation and solidarity with a view to conserving biodiversity
    (g) Enhance effectiveness, efficiency and transparency in the provision and use of resources;

    • GOAL 20
    Strengthen capacity building and development, technology access and transfer, and promote the development of and access to innovation and technical and scientific cooperation, in particular through South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation, in order to satisfy the needs for effective implementation, in particular in developing countries, by promoting joint technological development and joint scientific research programs for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and strengthening scientific research and monitoring capacities, commensurate with the ambition of the objectives and goals of the Framework.

    • GOAL 21
    Ensure that the best available data, information and knowledge are accessible to decision-makers, practitioners and the general public in order to guide effective and equitable governance and integrated and participatory management of biodiversity, and to enhance communication, awareness, education, monitoring, research and knowledge management and, also in this context, access to traditional knowledge, innovations, practices and technologies of indigenous peoples and local communities should only be provided with their free, prior and informed consent[ 2], in accordance with national legislation.

    • GOAL 22
    Ensure full, equitable, inclusive, effective and gender-sensitive representation and participation in decision-making, as well as access to justice and information related to biodiversity by indigenous peoples and local communities, respecting their cultures and their rights over lands, territories, resources and traditional knowledge, as well as by women and girls, children and youth and people with disabilities, and ensure the full protection of human rights defenders in environmental matters .

    • GOAL 23
    Ensure gender equality in the implementation of the Framework through a gender-sensitive approach, in which all women and girls have the same opportunities and ability to contribute to the three objectives of the Convention, namely by recognizing their equal rights and access to land and natural resources and their full, equitable, meaningful and informed participation and leadership at all levels of action, involvement, policy and decision-making related to biodiversity.
São Tomé, 26 de Julho de 2023