Global goals for 2030
Reduce threats to biodiversity (Goals 1 to 8)
- GOAL 1
Ensure that all areas are subject to participatory, integrated and biodiversity-included spatial planning and/or effective management processes that address land and sea use change in order to reduce to zero, by 2030, the loss of areas of great importance for biodiversity, including ecosystems of high ecological integrity, while respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.
- GOAL 2
Ensure that, by 2030, at least 30% of degraded terrestrial, inland water, marine and coastal ecosystem areas are effectively restored, in order to enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, ecological integrity and connectivity.
- GOAL 3
Ensure and enable that, by 2030, at least 30% of land and inland water areas and marine and coastal areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, are effectively conserved and managed through ecologically representative, well-connected and equitably managed systems of protected areas, and other effective zone-based conservation measures, recognizing indigenous and traditional territories, where applicable, and integrated into wider landscapes, seascapes and the ocean, while ensuring that any sustainable use, where appropriate in these areas, is fully consistent with conservation outcomes, recognizing and respecting the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities, in particular over their traditional territories.
- GOAL 4
Ensure urgent management actions to halt the human-induced extinction of known threatened species and for the recovery and conservation of species, in particular threatened species, in order to significantly reduce the risk of extinction, as well as to maintain and restore genetic diversity within and between populations of native, wild and domesticated species in order to maintain their adaptive potential, including through in situ and ex situ conservation and sustainable management practices, and effectively manage human-wildlife interactions to minimize human-wildlife conflicts with a view to coexistence.
- GOAL 5
Ensure that the use, harvesting and trade of wild species are sustainable, safe and legal, avoiding over-exploitation, minimizing impacts on non-target species and ecosystems and reducing the risk of spread of pathogens, applying the ecosystem approach , while respecting and protecting sustainable customary use by indigenous peoples and local communities.
- GOAL 6
Eliminate, minimize, reduce and/or mitigate the impacts of invasive alien species on biodiversity and ecosystem services, identifying and managing the routes of introduction of alien species, preventing the introduction and establishment of priority invasive alien species, reducing introduction rates and establishment of other known or potential invasive alien species by at least 50% by 2030, and eradicating or controlling invasive alien species, especially in priority sites such as islands.
- GOAL 7
Reduce pollution risks and the negative impact of pollution from all sources by 2030 to levels that are not harmful to biodiversity and ecosystem functions and services, taking into account cumulative effects, including: a) reducing the excess at least half of nutrients lost to the environment, including through more efficient nutrient cycling and utilization; b) reducing the overall risk from pesticides and highly hazardous chemicals by at least half, including through integrated pest management, based on scientific data, taking into account food security and livelihoods; and c) preventing, reducing and working to eliminate plastic pollution.
- GOAL 8
Minimize the impact of climate change and ocean acidification on biodiversity and increase its resilience through mitigation, adaptation and disaster risk reduction actions, in particular through nature-based solutions and/or ecosystem-based approaches, while minimizing the negative impacts and promoting the positive impacts of climate action on biodiversity.
Meeting people's needs through sustainable use and benefit sharing (Goals 9 to 13)
- GOAL 9
- GOAL 10
Ensure that agricultural, aquaculture, fisheries and forestry areas are managed sustainably, in particular through the sustainable use of biodiversity, in particular through a substantial increase in the application of biodiversity-friendly practices such as sustainable intensification, agroecology and other approaches innovative ways that contribute to the long-term resilience, efficiency and productivity of these production systems and to food security, conserving and restoring biodiversity and sustaining nature's contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services.
- GOAL 11
- GOAL 12
- GOAL 13
Tools and solutions for implementation and integration (Goals 14 to 23)
- GOAL 14
- GOAL 15
(a) Regularly monitor, assess and transparently disclose their risks, dependencies and impacts on biodiversity, including requirements for all large corporations and financial institutions, as well as transnational corporations, throughout their operations, supply chains and value and portfolios;
(b) Provide consumers with information necessary to promote sustainable consumption patterns;
(c) Report on compliance with regulations and access and benefit-sharing measures, as applicable;
- GOAL 16
- GOAL 17
- GOAL 18
- GOAL 19
(a) Increasing the total international financial resources related to biodiversity from developed countries, including official development assistance, and from countries voluntarily assuming obligations of developed country Parties, to developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, to at least US$20 billion per year by 2025, and to at least US$30 billion per year by 2030;
(b) Significantly increase domestic resource mobilization, facilitated by the preparation and implementation of national biodiversity finance plans or similar instruments, in accordance with national needs, priorities and circumstances;
(c) Leverage private finance, promote blending, implement strategies to obtain new and additional resources and encourage the private sector to invest in biodiversity, including through impact funds and other instruments
(d) Encouraging innovative schemes such as payment for ecosystem services, green bonds, biodiversity offsets and credits, and benefit-sharing mechanisms, with environmental and social safeguards;
(e) Optimizing the co-benefits and synergies of funding targeted at the biodiversity and climate crises;
(f) Strengthening the role of collective action, including that of indigenous peoples and local communities, actions centered on Mother Earth and non-market-based approaches, including community management of natural resources and society's cooperation and solidarity with a view to conserving biodiversity
(g) Enhance effectiveness, efficiency and transparency in the provision and use of resources;
- GOAL 20
- GOAL 21
- GOAL 22
- GOAL 23