Protected Areas

The human impact on the environment is evident across the planet. The resulting loss of biodiversity constitutes a social and environmental emergency, and calls have been made for the expansion and creation of protected areas around the world to address this crisis. This reality also applies to São Tomé and Príncipe; the islands form a biodiversity hotspot, and at the same time it is one of the regions most susceptible to the impacts of human activities worldwide.
A key conservation measure that targets species and habitats, as well as broader ecosystem functions and services, is the designation of protected areas. A International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)) define área protegida como:
"A clearly defined, recognised, dedicated and managed geographic space, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values"

São Tomé and Príncipe has two protected zones, one on each island and they cover approximately 30% of the country's land area. The protected area on the island of São Tomé is called the Obô de São Tomé National Park (PNOST) , it was established in 2006 by law No.
  • Massif Central - mountainous area in the southwest center;
  • Landscape of the savannah of Praia das Conchas / Lagoa Azul in the North;
  • Mangroves of Malanza, in the south and totaling 25,274 hectares.
The protected area on the island of Príncipe, known as the Obô do Príncipe Natural Park, was established in 2006 by law No.
  • Príncipe forests, in the south of the island;
  • Olive Forest, in the northwest of the island and totaling 6,500 hectares.
It should also be noted that the entire island of Príncipe, as well as the islets Bem-bom, Boné do Joquei, Mosteiros, Santana, Pedra da Galei, Tinhosa Grande and Tinhosa Pequena, as well as the surrounding habitats, form part of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve since 2012 and comprises a total area of 71,593 hectares. However, there is no legal national status.
Name Type Descriptionm IUNC Area (ha) Year of establishment
Obô Natural Park of São Tomé (PNOST) Forest Massif Central, mountainous area in southwest center in ST II 25.274 ha 2006 (Law 6/2006)

Savannah Coast

Protected Landscape Area of Praia das Conchas / Lagoa Azul in the north of ST V
Mangroves Mangroves of the Malanza Nature Reserve, in the south of ST IV
Obô do Príncipe Natural Park (PNP) Forest Príncipe forests, in the south of the island II 6.500 ha 2006 (Law 7/2006)
Forest Olive Forest, in the northwest of the island IV
Principe Biosphere Reserve Marine
Forest
Coast
Príncipe and islets Bom Bom, Boné do Jockey, Mosteiros, Santana, Pedra da Galei, Tinhosa Grande and Tinhosa Pequena, as well as the surrounding habitats   71.593 ha 2012, but no legal national statute exists
São Tomé, 26 de Julho de 2023

Coastal and Maritime

Notwithstanding STP does not currently have protected marine areas as such exist (currently a project carried out by Oikos and the Prince Foundation for this purpose

PNOST

The Obô de São Tomé Natural Park (PNOST), created by Law n.º 6/2006, is internationally recognized for its global relevance for the conservation of biodiversity

PNP

The Obô do Príncipe Natural Park was created by Law n.º 7/2006, of June 13, arising from the need to identify, delimit and manage the fundamental territories dedicated to conservation