National Report on the State of Biodiversity

The National Report on the State of Biodiversity, together with the National Strategy and Action Plan on Biodiversity (ENPAB), are the main instruments for implementing the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at national level, as established in article 6 of the same. These instruments favor a strategic and objective approach, which is intended to inspire broad action by all interested parties. The CBD Status of Biodiversity Report refers to periodic assessments of the status of biodiversity at global, regional and national levels. produced by the Convention on Biological Diversity. These assessments aim to provide up-to-date, scientifically based information on the status of ecosystems and biological diversity around the world. They cover a wide range of topics related to biodiversity, including ecosystem health, habitat loss, species extinction, human pressures, threats and impacts of climate change.
These reports play a key role in making policy decisions related to biodiversity conservation. They highlight the importance of biodiversity to human well-being, providing valuable information for formulating conservation policies and strategies, as well as contributing to public awareness of the importance of biodiversity and the risks associated with its loss.
Article 26 of the Convention requires each country that is a member of the Convention to submit to the Conference of the Parties, at intervals to be determined, reports on the measures it has taken to implement the Convention. It should be noted that it is one of only two unqualified (ie binding) commitments in the Convention. (The other is Article 6, the obligation to prepare the National Strategy and Action Plan for Biodiversity).
In this article it states that: “Each Contracting Party shall submit to the Conference of the Parties, at intervals to be determined by the Conference of the Parties, reports on the measures it has taken to implement the provisions of this Convention and on their effectiveness in achieving the objectives of this Convention. convention."
This national reporting system should help the Conference of the Parties to:
  • Consider lessons learned by Parties in implementing the Convention
  • Identify gaps in research capacity and policy analysis at national, regional and global levels, including technical and financial requirements
  • Formulate appropriate requests and guidance to Parties and their subsidiary bodies, the Secretariat, the financial mechanism and other organizations with expertise relevant to the implementation of the Convention
Public availability of national reports also helps relevant actors (eg intergovernmental agencies, specialized non-governmental organizations and scientific bodies) to formulate focused strategies and programs to assist Parties, individually or collectively, in implementation. This also helps individual Parties or groups of Parties to identify common issues to address, thereby facilitating the development of cost-effective regional initiatives and mutual support for implementation.

 Context of each report
Up to the present moment, through the convention, the countries that are members of the convention will already develop, under the guidance of the decisions taken by the Conference of the Parties (COP), 6 reports on the status of biodiversity conservation in their countries.
  • First Reports on the State of Biodiversity At its second meeting (Jakarta, November 1995), the Conference of the Parties decided that the first national reports should "focus, as far as possible, on measures taken to implement Article 6 of the Convention, as well as on information available in national studies on biological diversity" (decision II/17). At its third meeting (Buenos Aires, November 1996), the Conference of the Parties decided that the first national reports should be submitted no later than 1 January 1998 (Decision III/9).
  • According to reports on the state of biodiversity - At the fifth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (SBSTTA) (Montreal, January-February 2000), participants reviewed guidelines for future national reports that had been developed by the Secretariat through a pilot project, carried out with the collaboration of various Parties to identify a methodology for assessing the state of implementation of the Convention. This methodology involved (i) identifying the obligations of the Parties arising from the provisions of the Convention and the decisions of the Conference of the Parties and (ii) formulating them in the form of questions designed to obtain answers that reveal the level of implementation, the relative priorities , the constraints encountered and the issues not yet addressed. At its fifth meeting (Nairobi, May 2000), the Conference of the Parties approved this format as a guide for future national reporting and as a means by which the state of national implementation can be measured (decision V/19). Parties were invited to submit their second national reports by 15 May 2001 for consideration at the sixth meeting of the Conference of the Parties in April 2002. The fifth meeting of the Conference of the Parties agreed that national reports would be requested on a quadrennial basis and considered at alternate meetings of the Conference of the Parties.
  • Third State of Biodiversity Reports At its sixth meeting (The Hague, April 2002), the Conference of the Parties considered a thorough assessment of the information contained in the second national reports received by the end of January 2002 and requested the Executive Secretary to prepare a draft format for the third reports countries, for consideration by the Conference of the Parties at its seventh meeting (Decision VI/25). Based on the methodology and format used for the second national reports, the format for the third national reports would include, among other things, questions on the strategic objectives and targets set out under the Strategic Plan, focusing on enabling Parties to provide information on the experience of implementing their national biodiversity strategies and action plans and facilitating the identification of obstacles and impediments to implementation. At its seventh meeting (Kuala Lumpur, February 2004), the Conference of the Parties considered an analysis of the information contained in the second national reports that were received by the end of October 2003. The meeting also approved the format of the third national report, as as amended, with regard to the questionnaire on the biological diversity of forests and requested the Executive Secretary to develop the format taking into account the views expressed during the meeting and the data required from Parties to assess the implementation of the Strategic Plan and the Biodiversity for 2010. The revised format for the third national report was transmitted to Parties in July 2004, and they were requested to submit their full report to the Executive Secretary by 15 May 2005 for consideration at the eighth meeting of the Conference of Parties in 2006 (Decision VII/25).
  • Fourth Reports on the State of Biodiversity - At its eighth meeting (Curitiba, March 2006), the Conference of the Parties considered a preliminary synthesis of information contained in the third national reports that had been received by the end of October 2005. The meeting also endorsed the guidelines for the fourth national report which had been prepared in accordance with the guidance provided by the first meeting of the Working Group on Implementation Review (recommendation I/9). Relevant views expressed by the Parties at the eighth meeting and other comments made by some Parties were also taken into account. Pursuant to Decision VIII/14, Parties were invited to submit their fourth national report by 30 March 2009The fourth country report provided an important opportunity to assess progress made towards meeting the 2010 Biodiversity Target, based on an analysis of the current status and trends of biodiversity and the measures taken to implement the Convention at national level, as well as to consider the additional efforts required. Details of this assessment are presented in the third edition of the “Global Biodiversity Outlook”, published in 2010. The guidelines for the fourth national reports were developed based on experience and lessons learned from previous reporting processes under the Convention, in particular the second and third national reports. The multiple-choice questionnaire, the main format adopted for these previous reports, proved less useful than expected for the review and decision-making processes under the Convention, focusing too much on COP decisions addressed to Parties , rather than providing a complete picture of national implementation. Consequently, the guidelines for NR4 asked Parties to report on national implementation of the Convention primarily in narrative form and to supplement concise narrative reports with tables, figures or graphs.
  • Fifth State of Biodiversity Reports - In decision X/10, the Conference of the Parties requested the Parties to submit their fifth national report by 31 March 2014. The fifth national reports constituted an important source of information for the mid-term review of progress made in the implementation of the Strategic Plan for on Biodiversity 2011-2020 and progress made towards achieving the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, held by the Conference of the Parties at its twelfth meeting. The fifth national reports also contributed to the development of the fourth edition of the World Biodiversity Outlook. In addition, the fifth national report guidelines requested Parties to report on contributions to relevant targets of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals. The format of the fifth national report is the same as that adopted for the fourth national report (or i.e. concise, substantive narrative account supplemented by tables, figures or graphs). However, Parties are encouraged to emphasize the use of indicators, including the core global indicators contained in Decision VIII/15, to measure progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and to report these in the fifth national report. For more information, consult the Fifth National Report Information Portal.
  • Sixth State of Biodiversity Reports - In decision XIII/27, COP 13 adopted guidelines, including template reports, for the sixth national report, which was due to be submitted by 31 December 2018. The sixth national reports will provide a final review of progress made in implementing the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020 and the achievement of the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, including relevant national targets, based on information relating to the implementation of national biodiversity strategies and action plans and other measures taken to implement the Convention. Parties were encouraged to involve relevant stakeholders in the preparation of their national report, including the national focal points for the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Resulting from its Use, as well as the national focal points for Conventions related to biodiversity, the Rio Conventions and other relevant international and regional conventions. It was also expected that representatives of indigenous peoples and local communities, as well as representatives of relevant sectors, businesses, civil society organizations and non-governmental organizations would be involved in the preparation of the national report.Parties are also encouraged to submit elements of their sixth national report as soon as they are ready, where appropriate, through of the new online communication toolto help prepare the fifth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO 5).
 Reports on the state of Biodiversity in - STP
The Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe (RDSTP), aware that the problem of conservation of biological diversity is a common concern of all humanity, and that it holds a unique biological variability, worthy of being preserved, signed in June 1992 the Convention on Biological Diversity, and ratified it through Presidential Decree No. 5/98, of May 30, thus becoming a full member of the Conference of the Parties.
Since then, São Tomé and Príncipe has been strengthening its capacities with a view to participating and fully fulfilling the commitments of the CBD. One of the commitments is the formulation, adoption and implementation of the ENPAB and the National Reports on the State of Biodiversity. With regard to National Reports on the State of Biodiversity, the country has already developed 5 of the 6 reports requested by the convention. Are they:

1 - National Report on the State of Biodiversity
3 - National Report on the State of Biodiversity
4 - National Report on the State of Biodiversity
5 - National Report on the State of Biodiversity
6 - National Report on the State of Biodiversity
 
The format of the 6th National State of Biodiversity Report revolves around national biodiversity goals and how these relate to and have made progress against the Aichi 20 goals. of the National Strategy and Action Plan for 2015-2020, which sets out five key objectives, each with a corresponding set of actions. The main body of that document describes the main reasons that led to the adoption of each of the five key objectives, the measures taken to fulfill each of the objectives, including the respective actions, and a summary of the country profile country profile in the domain of Biodiversity. The inscribed measures are illustrated with maps and figures reproduced with permission from other sources. In accordance with the guidelines of the CBD Secretariat, the document is equipped with documentary resources inserted in its body, functioning as a bibliographic resource for the measures described, corresponding to each objective.

 

São Tomé, 26 de Julho de 2023